Manipulatives: How They Make Better Math Students ...
NB This article is part of a series of articles we comissioned
authors from around the world to write for us. Their brief was to scour the Internet and find
interesting and stimulating math topics to write about. The articles do not necessarily represent
our beliefs. They are included here to give you some creative food for thought, so that you can
take them and work with your teachers to build a better math platform and environment for you
to better excel in ... Please just enjoy the articles and please don't read too much into
One of the easiest ways to motivate math learners of all ages is to allow them to explore mathematical concepts
Manipulatives are concrete tools or models that assist students in thinking about and testing their mathematical
ideas. Researchers in math education, such as John A. Van De Walle, have shown that children learn mathematics when
they are allowed to participate actively in the process of constructing mathematics.
Gone are the days of “just tell me the answer”. Parents can help their children, elementary through high-school
age, by asking how they did their problem solving and by allowing them to demonstrate using manipulatives.
Parents can purchase manipulatives such as fraction circles, algebra scales, or base-10 blocks. However, children
can be encouraged to take ownership of their learning by making their own tools and models.
Math learners are never too old to use manipulatives. High school students struggling with concepts in algebra,
trigonometry, and geometry also benefit because these tools make the abstract more concrete.
Here are several ways to use manipulatives to motivate the mathematics learner:
Numbers. Buttons or blocks can be used initially for counting, comparing quantities, and making patterns.
Math Operations. Young children enjoy hopping down giant, homemade number lines to do addition and subtraction. The
cubes, rods, and squares of base-10 blocks are used to represent place value. Older children become developmentally
ready to accept the same blocks as representative of decimal place value.
Time and Money. Students enjoy solving money matters using coins and bills. Simple analog clocks can be constructed
from paper plates. For simplicity, time is told initially using only the hour hand; the minute hand can be added
Measurement. Children benefit from using rulers, meter sticks, yard sticks, and measuring cups found around the
Fractions. Even high schoolers have difficulty explaining fractions and equivalency. A set of fraction circles and
a set of fraction bars are a good investment.
Geometry. The world is full of geometrical patterns, symmetry, angles, plane figures, and polyhedra. A 2007 study
(Martin, Lukong, & Reaves) concludes that concrete, virtual, and software manipulatives all contribute to
children’s understanding of geometry.
A set of geometry sticks is a useful tool for older students to investigate angles, perimeter, bisection,
parallelism, and perpendicularity. Cubes can be used to determine area or volume and later generalized into
Algebra and Functions. Algebra tiles or balance scales are used to express equations. Students can measure change
in everyday events and determine functions using manipulatives. High schoolers will naturally end up discussing
Manipulatives are an enjoyable way to bring math learning into the home. Parents should consult the Help Me With Math website for more resources and
INSERT RESOURCE BOX HERE - Help Me With Maths? - To get one of the
most empowering math learning courses and be prepared to live a more effective, a more successful and a more
rewarding life as you are transformed into a capable math genius by visiting the Help Me With Maths website -
© HelpMeWithMaths.Com. All rights